Medical Laboratory Technology Curriculum Guide

The Medical Laboratory Technology program will prepare individuals, under the supervision of clinical laboratory scientists/medical technologists, to perform routine medical laboratory procedures and tests and to apply preset strategies to record and analyze data. Includes instruction in general laboratory procedures and skills; laboratory mathematics; medical computer applications; interpersonal and communications skills; and the basic principles of hematology, medical microbiology, immunohematology, immunology, clinical chemistry, and urinalysis.

The Medical Laboratory Technology (MLT) program is a two-year program developed to prepare entry-level technicians for medical laboratory facilities.  The program will encompass lab safety, medical ethics, equipment and instrumentation, diagnostics, and laboratory operations.  Students will be exposed to classroom lecture, hands-on lab exercises, and clinical opportunities to prepare them for the workforce.

Medical Laboratory Technology Requirements (A.A.S. Degree)

course code course title credit hours
MATH-102 Intermediate Algebra or higher level math 3
ENGL-101 English Composition I 3
SPCH-111 Public Speaking or  3
SPCH-211 Interpersonal and Group Communications 3
CHEM-101 Fundamentals of Chemistry or 5
CHEM-103 Principles of Chemistry I 5
BIOL-204 Microbiology 5
BIOL-203 Anatomy and Physiology 5
MEDA-128 Phlebotomy Essentials 3
EMTP-115 Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Health Care Provider 1
MLBT-100 MLT Intro to Medical Laboratory 2
MLBT-150 MLT Urinalysis and Body Fluids 3
MLBT-170 MLT Immunology 3
MLBT-190 MLT Clinical Chemistry 6
MLBT-210 MLT Hematology/Coagulation 6
MLBT-230 MLT Immunohematology 6
MLBT-250 MLT Pathogenic Microbiology 6
MLBT-270 MLT Clinical Internship I 4
MLBT-290 MLT Clinical Internship II 4


Description of Courses

MLBT-100 Intro to Medical Laboratory. 2 Hours.  This course will help the Medical Laboratory Technician to become familiar with procedures in the clinical laboratory. Students will practice the skills that include;  safety, medical terminology, laboratory math, specimen collection, microscope use, staining procedures, professional behavior, ethics, use of general lab equipment, and introductory procedures in serology, urinalysis , chemistry, hematology, blood banking, and microbiology.  The laboratory time will enhance knowledge gained in the lecture by allowing the student to work in the student laboratory or spend time at a clinical site.

MLBT-150.  MLT Urinalysis and Body Fluids. 3 Hours.  This course will provide the student with in-depth knowledge of the function of the kidney, urine formation, and the procedures utilized in performing a routine urinalysis and body fluid analysis. Correlation of abnormal findings and disease states will be discussed. Other body fluids included in this course are feces, seminal, amniotic, cerebrospinal, pleural, pericardial, and peritoneal. Discrimination between normal and abnormal findings and correlation of this knowledge to disease states will be included in the course material.

MLBT-170.  MLT Immunology.  3 Hours.  An introduction to the theory and application of basic immunology, including the immune response, principles of antigen-antibody reactions and the principles of serological procedures as well as quality control, quality assurance and safety.  

MLBT-190.  MLT Clinical Chemistry.  6 Hours.  This course will cover the physiology of the body and the biochemical reactions that are necessary for a healthy existence. The human condition is evaluated by biochemical shifts in different systems that maintain homeostasis during healthful periods. Basic interpretations of biochemistry and the concentration of enzymes, carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, electrolytes, blood gases, and therapeutic drug monitoring will be discussed. The student will perform routine clinical tests on biological fluids, maintain quality assurance records, and perform preventative maintenance on instrumentation.

MLBT-210.  MLT Hematology/Coagulation.  6 Hours.  This course presents the theory behind hematologic principles including the formation of blood cells, identification of normal and abnormal blood cells as they correlate to disease. Also included is the study of coagulation, the clotting and fibrinolytic mechanisms of the blood. Students will learn the theory and skills required to perform medical laboratory testing in Hematology and Coagulation.

MLBT-230.  MLT Immunohematology.  6 Hours.  A study of the immunology of blood, including those principles and practices that are known collectively as blood banking. An overview of blood component collection and component preparation is presented. Basic concepts of genetics, immunology and antiglobulin testing are included as a foundation for the understanding of the blood group systems and antibody detection and identification. Current transfusion practices are discussed. The student will gain experience in performance of techniques in immunohematology.

MLBT-250.  MLT Pathogenic Microbiology.  6 Hours. This course will survey microbiology as it is applicable to a clinical laboratory. Procedures for routine specimen collection will be discussed and practiced. Normal flora and pathogenic bacteria will be identified by morphology, staining characteristics, growth on selective media, biochemical testing and serological methods. Basic theory in antimicrobial susceptibility testing will be covered. Principles of all tests will be studied. Study of viruses and chlamydia will be limited to the processing and handling of specimens for consultant referral and principles of serological testing. Normal and pathogenic parasites and fungal elements will be identified and procedures utilized for proper identification will be discussed.

MLBT-270.  MLT Clinical Internship I.  4 Hours.  Clinical Internship I will introduce the student to on-site clinical laboratory setting.  The learning experience will give the student experience in collecting specimens from patients, organization of work to cope with both volume and emergency demands.  Current automated and/or semi-automated instrumentation will be used. The student will be introduced to phlebotomy, urinalysis, hematology, coagulation and serology.

MLBT-290.  MLT Clinical Internship II.  4 Hours.  Clinical Internship II will introduce the student to on-site clinical laboratory setting.  The learning experience will give the student experience in collecting specimens from patients, organization of work to cope with both volume and emergency demands.  Current automated and/or semi-automated instrumentation will be used. The student will be introduced to Blood Banking, Chemistry, Microbiology, Parasitology, mycology and virology.

BIOL-203.  Anatomy and Physiology.  5 Hours.  This course covers the study of the structure and functions of the parts of the human body.  The course includes three credit hours of lecture and two credit hours of lab.  Prerequisite: General Biology or permission of instructor.

BIOL-204.  Microbiology.  5 Hours.  This is a beginning course in the study of microorganisms, designed to acquaint the student with various forms of bacteria, fungi, protozoa and algae.  Morphology, life cycles, metabolism and economic importance of microorganisms are stressed.  The course includes three credit hours of lecture and two credit hours of lab.  Prerequisite:  General Biology or permission of the instructor.

CHEM-101.  Fundamentals of Chemistry.  5 Hours.  This course is designed for non-majors in science, such as agriculture, nursing, and home economics, who need one semester of college chemistry.  It will give students an opportunity to master the fundamental principles of chemistry, and basic techniques in the laboratory.  The course includes three credit hours of lecture and two credit hours of lab.  Prerequisite: One year of high school algebra, or one semester of algebra at the college level.

CHEM-103.  Principles of Chemistry I.  5 Hours. This course is designed for science majors, engineers, medically related majors, pharmacy majors, etc.  Topics include measurement, atomic theory, periodic properties, formulas, equations, bonding, molecular geometry, solution stoichiometry, gases, solids and liquids.  The course includes three credit hours of lecture and two credit hours of lab.  Prerequisite:  Intermediate Algebra or equivalent.

EMTP-115.  Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Health Care Provider (CPR).  1 Hour.  This course includes didactic and practical skills components.  Students will learn techniques for recognizing and treating foreign body airway obstructions and cardiopulmonary arrest.  Students will be tested in both written and practical skills abilities, adhering to American Heart Association curriculum for basic life support.

ENGL-101.  English Composition I.  3 Hours.  This course provides review of language mechanics through writing assignments with emphasis on expository and argumentative forms.  Prerequisite:  A score of 69 or above on the Sentence Skills section of the ACCUPLACER, or fully complete Written Communications with a grade of C or above.

MATH-102.  Intermediate Algebra*.  3 Hours.  This course is designed to survey the basic topics in algebra which will enable the student to enter a course in college algebra.  Prerequisite:  A minimum score of 57 on the ACCUPLACER test or credit in Introductory Algebra with a grade of C or above.

MEDA-100.  Medical Professional Issues.  2 Hours.  The role and function of the medical assistant is reviewed.  This course focuses on the basic concept of professional practice of medicine and the scope of practice of the medical assistant.  Students discuss the personal and professional characteristics and legal and ethical standards for medical assistants, explore professional and personal therapeutic communication, and address time management and goal setting.

MEDA-128.  Phlebotomy Essentials.  3 Hours.  This course offers skill development in the performance of a variety of blood collection methods using proper techniques and universal precautions including: vacuum collection devices, syringes, capillary skin puncture, butterfly needles and blood culture, and specimen collection on adults, children and infants.  Emphasis is on infection prevention, proper patient identification, labeling of specimens and quality assurance, specimen handling, processing and accessioning. Point of Care Testing (POCT) will also be discussed for waived laboratory procedures.

SPCH-111.  Public Speaking.  3 Hours.  This is a survey course in communication emphasizing platform speaking, public deliberations and critical thinking.  The course focuses upon public speaking, evaluation and the practical application of those experiences.

SPCH-211.  Interpersonal and Group Communications.  3 Hours.  This is a survey course in communication emphasizing informal and organizational communication skills and strategies.  This course further surveys theory and research related to interpersonal communication.  The course focuses on effectively managing personal and professional relationships.